Hont Region

Hont Region


The Hont region is located in the southern part of Central Slovakia on the territory of the former Hont county. About one fifth of the former Hont county is situated on Hungarian territory.
The boundaries of the Hont region are formed in the north by Štiavnické vrchy mountains which passes into Krupinská planina plain and Ipeľská kotlina basin in the south. The region in the south extends all the way to Podunajská nížina lowland. In the west it is bordered by Hron river, in the east by Krtíš river and in the south by Ipeľ river, which is a natural border between the Slovak and Hungarian part of Hont.
From the administrative point of view, the territory is predominantly in the districts of Banská Štiavnica, Krupina, Veľký Krtíš (Banská Bystrica County) and Levice (Nitra County).

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SETTLEMENT


Due to favourable natural conditions, the southern part of the region is one of the oldest populated areas in Slovakia. Only gradually, the settlement moved to the north, into the more rugged areas of Krupinská planina plain and Štiavnické vrchy mountains. The result is nowadays mostly agricultural landscape with rural settlements. Not only folk architecture but also traditional crafts and folk customs have been preserved in the villages. Through historical influences, the territory was formed as nationally mixed. The northern part of the region began to be settled more intensively since the 12th century. The reason for this was the rich deposits of poly-metallic ores in Štiavnické vrchy mountains, the largest volcanic mountain range in Slovakia. Extraction of precious metals together with German colonization significantly influenced the development of this area. Free royal towns of Banská Štiavnica, Krupina, Banská Belá and Pukanec grew here. The greatest bloom is related to the 18th century, when the Mining Academy was founded in Banská Štiavnica in 1762 – the first technical-type university in the world. Since the first half of the 19th century, a gradual decline of mining occurred and the territory gradually lost its original meaning.

Brhlovce

~ 15 min.


The village is known for its rocky dwellings. The volcanic tuff allowed the inhabitants of the village to cut out not only their farming but also living spaces into the soft rock.

Hrušov

~ 25 min.


Every year a folklore festival called Hontianska paráda is organized in the village. It is a parade of folklore performances of Slovak and foreign performers, ancient peasant works on Hrušovské lazy and craftsmen from Slovakia.

Sebechleby

~ 15 min.


There is a historical reserve of folk architecture Stará Hora. According to the traditions, the cellars were established in 16. century as hiding places from the Turks. The growing of the grapes began already in the 17th century. There is also the Chapel of St. Urban, built in 1732. Stará Hora is a unique space for cultural activities of the village, like a feast of St. Urban.

Krupina

~ 25 min.


Krupina is one of the oldest towns in Slovakia. In the 16th – 17th centuries, Krupina was an important fortress which secured the defence of the Central Slovak mining towns. The watchtower – Vartovka served as the guard.

Svätý Anton

~ 30 min.


In the south of Banská Štiavnica town, there is a Baroque-Classicist Manor House in Svätý Anton village, mentioned already in the 15th century. Part of the Manor House is also a beautiful historical park.

Banská Štiavnica

~ 40 min.


Banská Štiavnica is one of the most interesting towns in Slovakia. In 1993, the historic centre of the town, along with the technical sights in the area, was included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. There are many historical monuments such as Calvary, St. Trinity Square and sculptural group of St. Trinity, New and Old Castle, Klopačka, Historical Town Hall and museums.